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Camera crane tutorial

Camera crane tutorial

When we were at the wedding ceremony, we could see a long iron bar hung with a video camera and rocked back and forth. All the photographers know this is the "camera crane". When making a movie, the camera crane is also used frequently. Many photographers know that shaking the lens is often used in shooting, but many people do not know how to use the rocker. So how do you use the camera crane? Here's how to use the camera crane.


(1) panning up and down


This shooting method can track the target moving up and down. In the event of an athlete's dive, the player stands at the height of the platform as the start, pushes the lens near, locks the target, and moves from the take-off to the water, and the lens moves along with the player's fall. This kind of scene is best to use close lens to shoot. If the mirror is suitable, just a few seconds, a single shot, visual impact is very strong. But shooting such a goal is difficult. The key is that the speed of the racket is not good enough to master and the mobile composition is difficult. Shooting must be repeated several times, unless you are "old bird", generally do not take too close to the lens to shoot.


Using the method of panning and panning is often used to show some scenes that are too high to be used in a complete picture, or to express the tall and majestic appearance of a certain scene. Tall buildings are the best targets to shoot up and down. Standing in front of a high building, first taking the base of the building with a flat method, then moving the lens slowly up and down to the top of the high building. A small set of lenses put the view of the whole building into sight, making the tall building spectacular.


Swing around


Using the lateral arc to move the camera, you can shoot a wide panorama or a moving target.


The method of panning is: first, the body faces the end of the shake, so that the camera is stable, toward the last point of the panning, then the body turns to the beginning of the shake and begins to shoot. The body rotates slowly and evenly to the ending direction until the whole panning process is completed.


When you are panning with a hand-held machine, your body usually does not need to rotate 90 degrees. If you exceed 90 degrees, you will feel uncomfortable. It will be harmful to the stability of the picture. The key to tracking the left and right moving targets with this panning method is to master the speed of the shake and keep it in sync with the moving speed of the target.


For example, we take a car from left to right. First we have to plan the route of the car and the start and end point of the panning; then take the camera body to the end point, turn the upper body against the clockwise and wait for the beginning of the target; once the target enters the picture, it begins to shoot, and turns the upper body at the right uniform speed as the car moves. The lens is always aligned with the moving vehicle until the end point is stopped, and there is no stopping in the middle. Attention should be paid to composition balance when panning. The walking space of the target is greater than its excess space. If you want to finish shooting, you can stop shaking the target and stop the camera for two or three seconds, so that the target will disappear slowly from the picture.


Shooting such a group of shots should be planned ahead of time, and there should be a preparatory process before shooting. In order to prepare the posture, wait for the target to appear, and can not wait for the target to get into the start point before grabbing the machine, so that haste pull the tie, there will be no good results. So it is necessary to make an advance amount.


The mirror should be smooth


When you are panning, you must smoothly move the camera lens. It is better to use three legs, which is conducive to capturing stable pictures. If a handset is used, the basic posture is to first stand on the feet by about 50 centimeters apart, the toes are a little out of the eight word type, and then shake the waist (attention is not the head, but not the knee). This can make the panoramic motion more stable.


No matter whether it is shot up or down, the action should be smooth and smooth, with smooth picture and no pause in the middle. Be careful not to move the lens too much, or to move the lens without any need. The starting point and terminal point of the shake must be properly grasped and the skills should be used in an appropriate way.  To avoid shaking, like watering flowers. Don't just shake it back when you shake it up. You can only do a panoramic shooting around or around.


Proper rate of panning


The time for panning should not be too long or too short. According to previous experience, it is appropriate to take a shot of a set of shots for about 10 seconds with a panning method. It looks like flying when it is too short, and it will feel muddy and muddy when you look too long.


A set of shots should have a clear start and end. It is necessary to stay for a period of time on the picture of the rise and fall. In general, it is enough about three seconds. It is important to make it look stable and natural. If you do not stop, the lens will give you no feeling of ending and incomplete.


Of course, it is common to do different processing according to the needs of the art. If you want to add some tension to the picture, you can speed up a little bit of racket, so that the desired effect can be achieved. This picture is often seen in Hollywood's thrilling films.


It is more effective to pull the lens close to the panning

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